Boost【3】在 Linux 上安装

在《Boost【1】安装》中以 Windows 为例介绍 Boost 的安装,最近主要在 Linux 上开发,发现差异还是比较大的,于是又有了本文。

软件环境

  • Debian Buster

  • clang-11

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apt install wget -y
apt install p7zip-full -y
apt install clang-11 -y
ln -s /usr/bin/clang-11 /usr/bin/clang
ln -s /usr/bin/clang++-11 /usr/bin/clang++
clang++ --version
apt install python3-dev -y

apt 安装法

如果您怕麻烦,而且不在乎使用最新版本 Boost,还可以直接用 apt 安装 1.74 的版本:

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# install b2
apt install libboost1.74-tools-dev
# install boost
apt install libboost1.74-all-dev

然后跳到文末的“测试安装”。

源码安装法

1. 下载

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cd ~
wget https://boostorg.jfrog.io/artifactory/main/release/1.76.0/source/boost_1_76_0.7z

2. 解压

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7z x boost_1_76_0.7z

3. 编译和安装 b2

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# use /usr to avoid setting PATH
INSTALL_DIR=/usr

cd boost_1_76_0
# if you have multiple compilers
# ./bootstrap.sh --cxx=clang++
./bootstrap.sh --with-python-version=3.7
cd tools/build
cp ../../b2 ./
./b2 install --prefix=$INSTALL_DIR
cd ../../
cp ./project-config.jam $HOME/user-config.jam

4. 用 b2 编译 Boost

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# b2 install --build-type=complete --layout=versioned --prefix=$INSTALL_DIR --exec-prefix=$INSTALL_DIR
b2 install --prefix=$INSTALL_DIR --exec-prefix=$INSTALL_DIR

测试安装

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mkdir ~/boost-3-installation-on-linux
cd ~/boost-3-installation-on-linux

cat > main.cpp << EOF
// clang -std=c++20 main.cpp -ldl -lstdc++ -lstdc++fs -lboost_program_options
#include <filesystem>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

#include <boost/program_options.hpp>

namespace po = boost::program_options;

int main(int argc, char* argv[]) {
try {
std::filesystem::path me(argv[0]);
po::options_description desc(std::string("Usage of ") + me.filename().string());
desc.add_options()("help,h", "produce help message");
po::variables_map vm;
po::store(po::parse_command_line(argc, argv, desc), vm);
po::notify(vm);

if (vm.count("help")) {
std::cout << desc;
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
} catch (std::exception& e) {
std::cerr << "Invalid argument: " << e.what() << "\n";
return EXIT_FAILURE;
} catch (...) {
std::cerr << "Invalid argument: unknown exception!\n";
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}

std::cout << "OK!\n";
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
EOF

cat > Jamfile.v2 << EOF
import os ;
BOOST_ROOT = [ os.environ BOOST_ROOT ] ;

lib dl ;
lib stdc++fs ;
lib boost_program_options ;

project boost3
: requirements
<cxxstd>latest
<target-os>linux:<library>dl
<target-os>linux:<library>stdc++fs
<target-os>linux:<library>boost_program_options
<target-os>windows:<include>\$(BOOST_ROOT)
<target-os>windows:<library-path>\$(BOOST_ROOT)/stage/lib
<threading>multi
: default-build release
: build-dir ./bin
;

exe boost3
: main.cpp
;
EOF

touch project-config.jam

b2
# b2 link=static
# b2 link=static runtime-link=static